Genetic studies on the invasive slug Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in Poland

Marianna Soroka, e-mail: soroka.marianna@gmail.com

Department of Genetics, University of Szczecin, Felczaka 3c, 71-412 Szczecin, Poland
Abstract

Within the last decades the slug Arion lusitanicus has expanded its range over wide areas of Europe, in most of them it is now a serious pest. Poland has been invaded relatively recently (since the late 1980s). Considering the ecological importance of the slug, very little is known yet about the mechanism of invasion, establishment of new populations and influence on the native fauna and flora. The analysis of nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) revealed a great inter- and intrapopulation variation in the Polish populations of A. lusitanicus. The differentiation of all the studied Polish populations of A. lusitanicus is 0.2-2.2%, while two analysed Belgian populations are monomorphic and moderately genetically diverse at 0.8%. This indicates a heterogeneous origin of the Polish populations, probably resulting from multiple independent introduction events. The genotype found in the first four Polish populations (S. Poland) suggests that their origin is different from the remaining populations.

Key words
Pest species; migration routes; DNA; mitochondrial gene; cox1
References

Anderson R. 2005. An annotated list of the non marine Mollusca of Britain and Irleand. J. Conch. 38: 607–637.

Briner T., Frank T. 1998. The palatability of 78 wildflower strip plants to the slug Arion lusitanicus. Ann. Appl. Biol. 133: 123–133.

Buschmann H., Keller M., Porret N., Dietz H., Edwards P. J. 2005. The effect of slug grazing on vegetation development and plant species diversity in an experimental grassland. Funct. Ecol. 19: 291–298.

Chevallier H. 1972. Arionidae (Mollusca, Pulmonata) des Alpes et du Jura français. Haliotis 2: 7–23.   

Cossignani T., Cossignani V. 1995. Atlante delle Conchiglie terrestri e dulciacquicole Italiane. L’Informatore Picento, Ancona.

Davies M. J. 1987. Arion flagellus Collinge and A. lusitanicus Mabille in the British Isles: A morphological, biological and taxonomic investigation. J. Conch. 32: 339–354.

Ellis A. E. 1965. Arion lusitanicus Mabille in Devon. J. Conch. 25: 345–347.

Frank T. 1998. Slug damage and numbers of the slug pests, Arion lusitanicus and Deroceras reticulatum in oilseed rape grown beside sown wildflower strips. Agric. Ecos. Environ. 67: 67–78.

Frank T. 2003. Influence of slug herbivory on the vegetation development in an experimental wildflower strip. Basic Appl. Ecol. 4: 139–147.

Horsák M., Dvořák L. 2003. Co vime o plžaku spanelskem (Arion lusitanicus). In: Bryja J., Zuka J. (eds). Zoologicke dny Brno 2003. Sbornik abstraktu z konferencje. Ustav Biologie Obratlovcu AV CR, Brno, pp. 35–36.

Keller M., Kollmann J., Edwards P. J. 1999. Palatability of weeds from different European origins to the slugs Deroceras reticulatum Müller and Arion lusitanicus Mabille. Acta Oecol. 20: 109–118.

Kozłowski J. 1995. Ślimaki Arion lusitanicus Mab. i Arion rufus (L.) – nowe groźne szkodniki roślin w Polsce południowo-wschodniej. Ochr. Roślin 9: 33–35.

Kozłowski J. 2000a. Distribution and places of occurrence of the slug Arion lusitanicus Mabille (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). Bull. Polish Acad. Scien., Biol. Scien. 48: 309–415.

Kozłowski J. 2000b. Reproduction of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae) introduced in Poland. Folia Malacol. 8: 87–94.

Kozłowski J. 2001. A new site of occurrence of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). J. Plant Protection Res. 41: 309–313.

Kozłowski J. 2003. Stan badań nad metodami zwalczania szkodliwych ślimaków. Post. Nauk Rol. 5: 25–42.

Kozłowski J. 2005. Host plants and harmfulness of the Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 slug. J. Plant Protection Res. 45: 221–233.

Kozłowski J. 2007. The distribution, biology, population dynamics and harmfulness of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae) in Poland. J. Plant Protection Res. 47: 219–230.

Kozłowski J. 2008. Obcy inwazyjny ślimak nagi ślinik luzytański – Arion lusitanicus Mabille. Charakterystyka, metody zwalczania i rejestracji stanowisk występowania w Polsce. Rozpr. Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin, Poznań 17: 1–48.

Kozłowski J., Kałuski T., Kozłowski R. J. 2008. Rozmieszczenie i ekspansja populacji ślinika luzytańskiego (Arion lusitanicus Mabille) na terenie Polski. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 48: 893–897.

Kozłowski J., Kornobis S. 1994. Arion sp. (Gastropoda: Arionidae) – szkodnik zagrażający roślinom uprawnym w województwie rzeszowskim. Mat. 34 Sesji Nauk. Inst. Ochr. Roślin, Poznań, cz. 2: 237–239.

Kozłowski J., Kornobis S. 1995. Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Arionidae) w Polsce oraz nowe stanowisko Arion rufus (Linnaeus, 1758). Przegl. Zool. 39: 79–82.

Kozłowski J., Kozłowska M. 1998. Food preferences of the slug Arion lusitanicus Mab. (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora) in south-east part in Poland. J. Plant Protection Res. 38: 81–83.

Kozłowski J., Kozłowska M. 2000. Weeds as a supplementary or alternative food for Arion lusitanicus Mabille (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). J. Conch. 37: 75–79.

Kozłowski J., Sionek R. 2000a. Seasonal fluctuations of abundance and age structure of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae). Folia Malacol. 8: 271–276.

Kozłowski J., Sionek R. 2000b. The rate of egg laying and hatching of the slug Arion lusitanicus Mabille, a pest of arable crops. J. Plant Protection Res. 40: 162–167.

Lanta V. 2007. Effect of slug grazing on biomass production of a plant community during a short term biodiversity experiment. Acta Oecol. 32: 145–151.

Moens R., Glen D. M. 2002. Agriolimacidae, Arionidae and Milacidae as pests in west European oilseed rape. In: Barker G. M. (ed.). Molluscs as crop pests. Landc. Res. Hamilton New Zealand. CABI Publishing, UK, pp. 425–439.

Pintér L., Suara R. 2004. Magyarországi Puhatestűek Katalógusa. Magyar Természettudoományi Múzem, Budapest.

Port G., Ester A. 2002. Gastropods as pests in vegetable and ornamental crops in western Europe. In: Barker G. M. (ed.). Molluscs as crop pests. Landc. Res. Hamilton New Zealand. CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK, pp. 337–351.

Proschwitz T. von 1992. Spanska skogssnigeln – Arion lusitanicus Mabille – en artisnabb spridning med människan i Sverige. Göteborgs Naturhistorika Museum, Ärstryck, pp. 35–42.

Proschwitz T. von 1994. Oxychilus cellarius (Müller) and Oxychilus draparnaudi (Beck) as predators on egg-clutches of Arion lusitanicus Mabille. J. Conch. 35: 183–184.

Proschwitz T. von, Winge K. 1994. Iberiaskogsnegl – en art pa spredning i Norge. Ettertrykk fra Fauna 47: 195–203.

Quick H. E. 1952. Rediscovery of Arion lusitanicus Mabille in Britain. Proc. Malac. Soc. London 29: 93–101.

Quick H. E. 1960. British slugs (Pulmonata: Testacellidae, Arionidae, Limacidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 6: 103–226.

Regteren Altena C. O. Van 1971. Neue Fundorte von Arion lusitanicus Mabille. Arch. Moll. 101: 183–185.

Reischütz P. L. 1984. Zum massenhaften Auftreten von Arion lusitanicus Mabille in den Jahren 1982 und 1983. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 4: 253–254.

Riedel A., Wiktor A. 1974. Arionacea – ślimaki krążałkowate i ślinikowate (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Fauna Polski 2. PWN, Warszawa.

Risch P., Backeljau T. 1989. On the occurrence of Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868, in Belgium. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 118: 25–38.

Schmid G. 1970. Arion lusitanicus in Deutschland. Arch. Moll. 100: 95–102.

Simroth H. 1891. Die Nacktschnecken der portugiesisch-azorischen Fauna. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 56: 201–424.

Soroka M., Kozłowski J., Wiktor A., Kałuski T. 2009. Distribution and genetic diversity of the terrestrial slugs Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 and Arion rufus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Poland based on mitochondrial DNA. Folia Biol. (Krakow) 57: 71–81.

South A. 1992. Terrestrial Slugs: Biology, Ecology and Control. Chapman & Hall, London.

Wiktor A. 1983. The slugs of Bulgaria (Arionidae, Milacidae, Limacidae, Agriolimacidae – Gastropoda, Stylommatophora). Ann. Zool. 37: 71–206.

Wiktor A. 1996. The slugs of the former Yugoslavia (Gastropoda terrestria nuda – Arionidae, Milacidae, Limacidae, Agriolimacidae). Ann. Zool. 46: 1–110.

Wiktor A. 2004. Ślimaki lądowe Polski. Mantis, Olsztyn.

Winter A. J. de 1989. Arion lusitanicus Mabille in Nederland (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Arionidae). Basteria 53: 49–51.

Folia Malacologica (2011) 19: 259-265
First published on-line: 2011-12-11 00:00:00
http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10125-011-0026-3
Full text (.PDF) BibTeX Mendeley Back to list