Species distinctness of Litthabitella Boeters, 1970 (Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea) from the Ionian Islands

Aleksandra Rysiewska, e-mail: rysiewska.a@gmail.com; a.rysiewska@doctoral.uj.edu.pl

Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Cracow, Poland
Abstract

The shell, protoconch, operculum and radula of Litthabitella chilodia (Westerlund, 1886) from two localities in Croatia and two in Montenegro are presented, as well as the shell of “L. chilodia ionica (Schütt, 1980)” from Levkada island. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of the shell showed distinct differences between the Levkada population and the other four localities, but also – although with some overlap – between the populations from Croatia and Montenegro. 18SrRNA nuclear gene sequences confirmed that Litthabitella did not belong to the Hydrobiidae. Histone H3 nuclear gene sequences confirmed distinctness of the Levkada population, and thus, combined with the shell morphometrics, it confirmed the species-level distinctness of Litthabitella from the Ionian islands.

Key words
shell morphology; morphometrics; histone H3; 18SrRNA; DNA; taxonomy; phylogeny; transadriatic and transionian distribution
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Folia Malacologica (2016) 24: 295-305
First published on-line: 2016-12-05 00:00:00
http://dx.doi.org/10.12657/folmal.024.026
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