A possible phoretic relationship between snails and amphibians

Krzysztof Kolenda, e-mail: krzysztof.kolenda@uwr.edu.pl

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Vertebrates, Wrocław University, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wrocław, Poland

Anna Najbar, e-mail: anna.najbar@uwr.edu.pl

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Vertebrates, Wrocław University, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wrocław, Poland

Natalia Kuśmierek, e-mail: natalia.kusmierek@uwr.edu.pl

Department of Parasitology, Wroclaw University, Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148 Wrocław, Poland

Tomasz K. Maltz, e-mail: tomasz.maltz@uwr.edu.pl

Museum of Natural History, Wrocław University, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wrocław, Poland

We describe five observations of possible phoretic relationship between snails and amphibians in south-western Poland: two individuals of European tree frog Hyla arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) with juvenile snails attached to various parts of their bodies, common toad Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) with copse snail Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758), pair of common toads in amplexus with two individuals of Balea sp. or Laciniaria plicata (Draparnaud, 1801), and common toad with succineid species eggs and developing snail embryos attached to them. These are the first such observations ever.

Key words
phoresy; Hyla arborea; Bufo bufo; land snails

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Folia Malacologica (2017) 25: 281-285
First published on-line: 2017-11-20 00:00:00
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