The first record of Galba cubensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1839) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) from open fields of Europe

Katrin Schniebs, e-mail: katrin.schniebs@senckenberg.de

Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstraße 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany

Peter Glöer, e-mail: gloeer@malaco.de

Biodiversity Research Laboratory, Schulstraße 3, 25491 Hetlingen, Germany

Sergio Quiñonero-Salgado, e-mail: sergioqs85@hotmail.com

Associació Catalana de Malacologia-Museu Blau, Plaça Leonardo da Vinci 4-5, 08019 Barcelona, Spain

Joaquin Lopez-Soriano, e-mail: qlopezs@yahoo.com

Associació Catalana de Malacologia-Museu Blau, Plaça Leonardo da Vinci 4-5, 08019 Barcelona, Spain

Anna K. Hundsdoerfer, e-mail: anna.hundsdoerfer@senckenberg.de

Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstraße 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany
Abstract

A high density population of Galba sp. was found in rice fields in the Ebro Delta in Spain. Two specimens were subject to molecular identification. Their COI and ITS-2 sequences formed one cluster with the GenBank sequences of the neotropical Galba cubensis (L. Pfeiffer), G. neotropica Bargues, Artigas, Mera y Sierra, Pointier et Mas-Coma and G. viatrix (d’Orbigny), being clearly distinct from G. truncatula (O. F. Müller) or G. schirazensis (Küster). Since the COI sequences of the two specimens from Spain were identical with the two GenBank sequences of G. cubensis from Colombia, we identified the two Spanish specimens as G. cubensis. There is, however, some degree of uncertainty given the need for a large-scale revision of the neotropical Galba. This is the first record of G. cubensis in European natural habitats. Until now, the European records of the species were based on morphologically determined specimens from greenhouses of botanical gardens or horticultural companies. Morpho-anatomical studies of the shells and genitalia do not allow for a reliable discrimination from the native species Galba truncatula thus pointing to DNA markers as the best tools for identification.

Key words
Galba cubensis; Lymnaeidae; alien species; Europe; molecular genetics; morphology
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Folia Malacologica (2018) 26: 3-15
First published on-line: 2018-03-06 00:00:00
https://doi.org/10.12657/folmal.026.002
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