Monophyly of the Moitessieriidae Bourguignat, 1863 (Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea)

Andrzej Falniowski, e-mail: andrzej.falniowski@uj.edu.pl

Department of Malacology, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Cracow, Poland

Simona Prevorčnik

Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Teo Delić

Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Roman Alther

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Aquatic Ecology, Überlandstrasse 133, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland

Florian Altermatt

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Aquatic Ecology, Überlandstrasse 133, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
Abstract

The family Moitessieriidae is poorly known, as its members, inhabiting exclusively subterranean waters, are often known only from few minute, empty shells. Molecular studies on their relationships confirmed the distinctness of this family. Their monophyly, however, remained doubtful, since the Moitessieriidae did not form a distinct clade in the phylogenetic tree based on the most commonly applied mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), and the representative of the family Cochliopidae occupied a position among the moitessieriid clades. In the present paper two new nuclear loci, namely histone H3 gene and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer ITS2, have been applied to resolve the status of the Moitessieriidae. The resulting phylogenies show the Moitessieriidae as a distinct, well supported clade, confirming thus their monophyly.

Key words
Moitessieriidae; molecular phylogeny; COI; H3; 18S; ITS2
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Folia Malacologica (2019) 27: 61-70
First published on-line: 2019-03-19 00:00:00
https://doi.org/10.12657/folmal.027.005
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