A new isolated subspecies of Alopia livida (Menke, 1828) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) from the Făgăraş Mountains, Romania

Zoltán Fehér, e-mail: feher.zoltan@nhmus.hu

Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross u. 13, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary

Paul-Marian Szatmari, e-mail: paul_marian87s@yahoo.com

Biological Research Centre, Vasile Fati Botanical Garden Jibou, Str. Wesselényi Miklós 14, R-455200 Jibou, Romania

Miklós Szekeres, e-mail: szekeres@brc.hu

Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Temesvári krt. 62, H-6726 Szeged, Hungary

Alopia livida (Menke) is one of the widest distributed species of its primarily limestone-dwelling genus that is native to the Romanian Carpathians. Its discontinuous range includes large parts of the Bucegi Mts and a few scattered occurrences westward to the Apuseni mountain complex. Here we provide description of A. livida vargabandii Fehér et Szekeres n. ssp. from the Făgăraş Mts, a mountain range of primarily carbonate-free bedrock from where earlier only two insular populations of other Alopia species were known. The relationship of A. livida to other species in the genus, as well as relations between the subspecies of A. livida, are addressed by means of phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial COI sequences. Zoogeographical aspects and taxonomic problems of these taxa are also discussed.

Key words
Alopiinae; endemism; zoogeography; Carpathians

Agócsy P., Pócs T. 1961. Alopia soosiana n. sp. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 53: 533–536. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syr041
Anisimova M., Gil M., Dufayard J-F., Dessimoz C., Gascuel O. 2011. Survey of branch support methods demonstrates accuracy, power, and robustness of fast likelihood-based approximation schemes. Systematic Biology 60: 685–699. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syr041
Bartók A., Hurdu B-I., Szatmari P-M., Ronikier M., Puşcaş M., Novikoff A., Bartha L., Vonica G. 2016. New records for the high-mountain flora of the Făgăraş Mts (Southern Carpathians) with discussion on ecological preferences and distribution of studied taxa in the Carpathians. Contribuţii Botanice 51: 77–153.
Clement M., Snell Q., Walker P., Posada D., Crandall K. 2002. TCS: estimating gene genealogies. Proceedings of the 16th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium 2: 184. https://doi.org/10.1109/IPDPS.2002.1016585
Fehér Z., Németh L., Nicoară A., Szekeres M. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the land snail genus Alopia (Gastropoda: Clausiliidae) reveals multiple inversions of chirality. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 167: 259–272. https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12002
Fehér Z., Mason K., Szekeres M., Haring E., Bamberger S., Páll-Gergely B., Sólymos P. 2018. Range-constrained co-occurrence simulation reveals little niche partitioning among rock-dwelling Montenegrina land snails (Gastropoda: Clausiliidae). Journal of Biogeography 45: 1444–1457. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13220
Grossu A. V. 1967. Două specii noi ale genului Alopia in România. Analele Universitaţii Bucureşti, Seria Ştiinţe Sociale, Biologie 16: 9–17.
Hoang D. T., Chernomor O., Haeseler A. von, Minh B. Q., Vinh L. S. 2017. UFBoot2: improving the ultrafast bootstrap approximation. Molecular Biology and Evolution 35: 518–522. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msx281
Kalyaanamoorthy S., Minh B. Q., Wong T. K. F., Haeseler A. von, Jermiin L. S. 2017. ModelFinder: Fast model selection for accurate phylogenetic estimates. Nature Methods 14: 587–589. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.4285
Koch E. L., Neiber M. T., Walther F., Hausdorf B. 2017. High gene flow despite opposite chirality in hybrid zones between enantiomorphic door-snails. Molecular Ecology 26: 3998–4012. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14159
Leigh J.W., Bryant D. 2015. PopART: full-feature software for haplotype network construction. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 1110–1116. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12410
Menke C. T. 1828. Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum. H. Gelpke, Pyrmont. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13182
Nguyen L-T., Schmidt H. A., Haeseler A. von, Minh B. Q. 2015. IQ-TREE: A fast and effective stochastic algorithm for estimating maximum-likelihood phylogenies. Molecular Biology and Evolution 32: 268–274. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msu300
Nordsieck H. 2008. The system of the genus Alopia H. & A. Adams 1855 (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Clausiliidae). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft 79/80: 7–18.
Nordsieck H. 2015. Was ist Clausilia livida Menke 1828 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Clausiliidae)? Mitteilungen der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft 94: 27–32.
Páll-Gergely B., Szekeres M., Fehér Z., Asami T., Harl J. 2019. Evolution of a dextral lineage by left-right reversal in Cristataria (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Clausiliidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research (in print). https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12277
Posada D., Crandall K. A. 2001. Intraspecific gene genealogies: trees grafting into networks. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)02026-7
Soós L. 1928. Az Alopia nem. – The genus Alopia. Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 25: 261–426.
Tîrlă L., Drăguşin V., Mirea I., Cojocaru T. 2016. Speleomorphology of M3-R2 – the highest cave in the SE Carpathians. Revista de Geomorfologie 18: 54–62.
Trifinopoulos J., Nguyen L. T., Haeseler A. von, Minh B. Q. 2016. W-IQ-TREE: a fast online phylogenetic tool for maximum likelihood analysis. Nucleic Acids Research 44: W232–W235. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkw256
Wagner A. J. 1914. Die Familie der Clausiliidae. In: Kobelt W. (ed.) Iconographie der Land- und Süsswassermollusken mit vorzüglicher Berücksichtigung der europäischen noch nicht abgebildeten Arten, Neue Folge. Vol. 21 (3–4). C. W. Kreidel, Wiesbaden, pp. 21–44.

Folia Malacologica (2019) 27: 119-126
First published on-line: 2019-06-12 00:00:00
Full text (.PDF) BibTeX Mendeley Back to list