A new isolated subspecies of Alopia livida (Menke, 1828) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) from the Făgăraş Mountains, Romania

Zoltán Fehér, e-mail: feher.zoltan@nhmus.hu

Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross u. 13, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary

Paul-Marian Szatmari, e-mail: paul_marian87s@yahoo.com

Biological Research Centre, Vasile Fati Botanical Garden Jibou, Str. Wesselényi Miklós 14, R-455200 Jibou, Romania

Miklós Szekeres, e-mail: szekeres@brc.hu

Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Temesvári krt. 62, H-6726 Szeged, Hungary
Abstract

Alopia livida (Menke) is one of the widest distributed species of its primarily limestone-dwelling genus that is native to the Romanian Carpathians. Its discontinuous range includes large parts of the Bucegi Mts and a few scattered occurrences westward to the Apuseni mountain complex. Here we provide description of A. livida vargabandii Fehér et Szekeres n. ssp. from the Făgăraş Mts, a mountain range of primarily carbonate-free bedrock from where earlier only two insular populations of other Alopia species were known. The relationship of A. livida to other species in the genus, as well as relations between the subspecies of A. livida, are addressed by means of phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial COI sequences. Zoogeographical aspects and taxonomic problems of these taxa are also discussed.

Key words
Alopiinae; endemism; zoogeography; Carpathians
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Folia Malacologica (2019) 27: 119-126
First published on-line: 2019-06-12 00:00:00
https://doi.org/10.12657/folmal.027.014
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